The Fascinating History of the Pyramids in Egypt

The pyramids of Egypt are iconic landmarks that have fascinated people for centuries. These monumental structures were built by ancient Egyptians thousands of years ago, and their rich history and intricate design continue to captivate archeologists and tourists alike. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating story behind the construction of the pyramids and explore some of the most common misconceptions surrounding these marvels of ancient architecture.

The Mystery of the Pyramids

The construction of the pyramids has been shrouded in mystery for thousands of years. For a long time, it was believed that slaves built the massive structures, but recent evidence has proven this to be untrue. In fact, it is believed that the workers who constructed the pyramids were farmers who were required to work on building projects during the flooding of the Nile when their crops were submerged.

The construction of the pyramids was an enormous undertaking. It is estimated that the Great Pyramid, the largest of the pyramids, took approximately 20 years to complete and required the labor of over 100,000 workers. The pyramid was made up of 2.3 million stone blocks, with some of the blocks weighing as much as 80 tons each.

The Purpose of the Pyramids

The pyramids were built to serve as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. Ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife and that the pharaoh’s soul would need a place to reside after their passing. The pyramids were designed to be a secure resting place for the pharaoh’s mummified body and the objects that the pharaoh would need in the afterlife.

The pyramids were also designed to be a reflection of the pharaoh’s wealth and power. They were a way to establish the pharaoh’s authority and ensure that their legacy would be remembered for generations to come.

The Evolution of Pyramid Design

The first Egyptian pyramids were built during the third dynasty, approximately 4,500 years ago. The step pyramid of Djoser, located in the ancient city of Saqqara, was the first pyramid built by the ancient Egyptians. This pyramid was a series of six decreasing rectangular platforms stacked on top of each other, creating a step-like appearance.

Over time, pyramid design evolved, and the ancient Egyptians began building pyramids with smooth sides. The Great Pyramid, built over 4,500 years ago, is a perfect example of the evolution of pyramid design. It is the largest of the pyramids and has a smooth surface, unlike the step pyramid of Djoser.

The Pyramids and the Sphinx

The Great Sphinx is a massive statue located not far from the pyramids in Giza. This iconic statue is a mixture of a human head and the body of a lion, and it is believed to have been constructed at the same time as the pyramids. The sphinx was carved out of a single block of limestone and is 66 feet high and 240 feet long.

There is still much debate among archaeologists regarding the purpose of the sphinx. Some believe that it was built to serve as a guardian of the pyramids, while others believe it was built to serve as a symbol of the pharaoh’s power and authority.


The history of the pyramids in Egypt is a fascinating story that continues to intrigue and captivate people from all over the world. These magnificent structures were built by ancient Egyptians thousands of years ago and served as the final resting place for the pharaohs and their queens. The pyramids are a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of the ancient Egyptians and continue to be one of the most iconic landmarks in the world today. Looking to dive even deeper into the topic? Explore this thoughtfully chosen external source and discover worthwhile and supplementary details. private Tours Of egypt, investigate and expand your knowledge!

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